CANCER TYPES AND TREATMENTS
Detailed information about types of cancers and their treatment methods.
Cancer Types

What is an adrenal tumor?

Adrenal tumors are cancerous or noncancerous growths on the adrenal glands. Causes of most adrenal tumors are unknown.

Even benign adrenal tumors can be dangerous or cause uncomfortable symptoms.

What are the symptoms of adrenal tumors?

Depending on the type of hormone made by the tumor, symptoms of adrenal tumors may or may not occur.

In about half of the people with adrenal cancer, the symptoms are caused by the hormones made by the tumor. In the other half, symptoms of adrenal cancer occur because the tumor grows so large in size that it presses on the nearby organs.

Signs and symptoms of adrenal cancer may include:

Can adrenal cancer be found early?

It is hard to find adrenal cancers early, and they are often quite large by the time they are diagnosed. Usually adrenal cancers are found earlier in children than in adults.

Adrenal cancers are often aggressive and can spread to other parts of the body (metastasize) rapidly because the adrenal gland is a vascular organ with many blood vessels which enables to carry malignant cells to other organs.

How are adrenal tumors diagnosed?

To diagnose adrenal tumors, radiographic scanning, adreno-venous sampling and biochemical testing can be performed using latest techonology.

Advanced genetic testing can be an option if your family members have certain inherited disorders.

Types of radiological scannings may include:

  • CT scans
  • MRI scans
  • Nuclear medicine PET (positron emission tomography)
  • MIBG (meta-iodobenzylguanidine) scans

What are the treatment options for adrenal tumors?

If you were to be diagnosed with adrenal tumor, your doctor would discuss with you your best options and customize your treatment accordingly. This depends on several factors, including the type of adrenal tumor and your general health.

One or more of the therapies listed below may be needed for the treatment of adrenal tumor.

  • Surgical treatment  (removing one or both adrenal glands)
  • Chemotherapy  or molecular targeted therapies
  • Medicines  treatment

Why choose Turkey for adrenal tumor treatment?

We bring together a team of experts that include specialists from many areas to give you a personal and a customized care.

Turkish doctors have a remarkable level of experience in both diagnosing and treating adrenal tumors. They work with teams that often include endocrinologists, surgeons, nuclear medicine physicians, medical oncologists and radiation oncologists, to offer you the most advanced treatment with the least impact on your body. This can have a direct impact on your chance for a successful treatment.

Each year, surgeons in Istanbul perform a large number of surgeries for adrenal tumors. Our contracted hospitals use the latest technology which means there is less blood loss and shorter recovery time compared to the standard surgery techniques.

What is bone cancer?

Bone cancer is a type of tumor that originates in the bone. Other types of cancer, such as non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma and multiple types of Myeloma may affect the bones by spreading from other parts of the body.

What are the types of bone cancer?

There are different types of bone tumors. The most common types of primary bone cancers are:

  • Osteosarcoma is the main type of bone cancer. It begins in the bone cells and most often is seen in children and adolescents.
  • Chondrosarcoma is a cancer of cartilage cells. More than 40% of bone cancer that is seen in adults is Chondrosarcoma. Many Chondrosarcoma tumors are benign (not cancer). Bone tumors can develop anywhere in the body especially the pelvis, leg or arm.
  • Ewing's sarcoma is the second most prevalent type of bone cancer in children and adolescents, and the third most often type of bone cancer found in adults. It accounts for about 8% of bone cancers in adults. Ewing's Sarcoma can start in bones, tissues or organs, especially the pelvis, chest wall, legs or arms.

What are the symptoms of bone cancer?

  • Bone pain
  • Swelling and tenderness near the affected area
  • Weakened bones, leading to fracture
  • Fatigue
  • Unintended weight loss

How is bone cancer diagnosed?

Imaging tests, physical exams and blood tests might suggest that a person has bone cancer but in most cases doctors must confirm these results with a biopsy.

A biopsy is used to confirm the presence of cancer cells. It is very important for the biopsy procedure to be done by a surgeon with experience in diagnosing and treating bone tumors. There are two types of bone biopsy:

  • Needle biopsy: A long, hollow needle is inserted through the skin to the area of the bone. The needle removes a cylindrical sample of the bone to examine with a microscope.
  • Open or surgical biopsy: The surgeon removes a tiny piece of bone through an incision (a cut made by surgeon) to examine under a microscope.

What are the treatment options for bone cancer?

Generally more than one type of treatment is suggested to treat bone cancer. Your treatment plan will depend on the type of bone cancer and its stage.

Based on your treatment options, you might have different types of doctors on your treatment team. These doctors may include an orthopedic surgeon, a radiation oncologist and a medical oncologist.

The main approaches for treatment of bone cancer are:

The goal of surgery is to remove the tumor and a margin of healthy bone or tissue around the tumor to make sure all of the cancer cells are gone. Afterwards, according to the stage of the cancer, chemotherapy and radiation therapy may also be required.

Why choose Turkey for bone cancer treatment?

Medical centers in Turkey provide bone cancer treatments in line with the strict international protocols. Patients from 80 countries choose Turkey for cancer treatment.

Turkish hospitals bring together a team of experts that include specialists from many areas to give you a customized care. The doctors in Turkey regularly improve their skills in leading medical facilities of Europe and America. They use specialized therapies and technologies to give you the most advanced cancer treatment with the least impact on your body.

What is a brain tumor?

A brain tumor is a mass or growth of abnormal cells in your brain.

Some brain tumors grow slowly and may become quite large before causing symptoms. Other brain tumors may grow quickly and cause a sudden onset of symptoms.

What are the symptoms of brain tumor? 

The signs and symptoms of a brain tumor vary greatly and depend on the brain tumor's size, location and rate of growth.

Signs and symptoms of brain tumors may include:

  • New onset or change in pattern of headaches
  • Headaches that gradually become more frequent and more severe
  • Unexplained nausea or vomiting
  • Vision problems, such as blurred vision, double vision or loss of peripheral vision
  • Gradual loss of sensation or movement in an arm or a leg
  • Difficulty with balance
  • Speech difficulties
  • Confusion in everyday matters
  • Personality or behavior changes
  • Seizures, especially in someone who doesn't have a history of seizures
  • Hearing problems

How are brain tumors diagnosed?

If it's suspected that you have a brain tumor, your doctor may recommend a number of tests and procedures, including:

  • A neurological exam
  • Imaging test: MRI is commonly used to help diagnose brain tumors
  • Tests to find cancer in other parts of your body: If it's suspected that your brain tumor may be a result of cancer that has spread from another area of your body, your doctor may recommend tests and procedures to determine where the cancer originated. One example might be a CT or PET scan to look for signs of lung cancer.
  • Biopsy: A biopsy can be performed as part of an operation to remove the brain tumor, or a biopsy can be performed using a needle. Sometimes, a stereotactic needle biopsy may be done for brain tumors in hard to reach areas or very sensitive areas within your brain that might be damaged by a more extensive operation.

What are treatment options for brain tumor?

If you have a brain tumor your recommended treatment will depend on:

  • The type of tumor
  • Where it is in your brain
  • How big it is and how far it's spread
  • How abnormal the cells are
  • Your overall level of health and fitness

Treatments for brain tumors may include:

  • Surgery
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Gamma knife

Surgery is often used to remove brain tumors. The aim is to remove as much abnormal tissue as safely as possible.

It isn't always possible to remove all of the tumor, so further treatment with radiotherapy or chemotherapy may be needed to treat any abnormal cells left behind.

Gamma knife surgery can be performed for some cases. Gamma knife surgery brings latest technology to treat certain types of brain tumors.

Why choose Turkey for brain tumor treatment?

  • Treatment options and experience: Medical centers in Turkey uses the most advanced radiation treatment methods, including gamma knife, focused radiation therapy, whole-brain radiation therapy and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT).
  • Low prices: In Turkey, we provide affordable and high-quality healthcare for brain tumor treatment.
  • International accreditation: Our partner hospitals for brain tumor treatment in Turkey are certified by independent international organizations such as JCI (Joint Commission International) or ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and they are all university hospitals.
  • Latest Techonology: Latest technologies are applied in our contracted hospitals to achieve great results.
  • Fast treatment arrangement: Since oncology treatment requires urgency, we suggest you start your treatment as soon as possible.
  • Our partner hospitals have cooperation with top American cancer centers.

What is a childhood brain tumor?

A brain tumor is a mass or growth of abnormal cells in the brain. Brain and spine tumors are the second most common cancers in children after leukemia.

The brain has four main parts and the brain with the spinal cord are made up of many kinds of tissues. Different types of tumors can develop in these areas.

Childhood brain tumors differ from adult tumors regarding the location of the tumor, the type of cell in which they develop, and their treatment methods.

The brain tumors that often develop in children are the following ones:

  • Medulloblastoma: This is the most common type of malignant brain tumor in children.
  • Astrocytoma: This type of tumor usually grow slowly, but higher-grade tumors spread more quickly.
  • Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma: This dangerous tumor often has a poor prognosis. It grows in the brain stem.
  • Ependymomas: Develops in the brain lining, usually in the posterior fossa or along the spinal cord in glial cells.
  • Primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET): These tumors can develop anywhere in the brain.
  • Pineoblastomas: A type of PNET that develops in pineal gland and can be difficult to treat.
  • Craniopharyngiomas: This tumor grows above the pituitary gland.
  • Mixed glial and neuronal tumors: Certain tumors that develop in children and young adults have both glial and neuronal cell components.
  • Choroid plexus tumors: These rare tumors start in the choroid plexus and generally can be removed by surgery.

What are the symptoms of childhood brain tumors?

Symptoms of childhood brain tumors depend on their location in the brain.

Signs and symptoms of childhood brain tumors may include:

  • Nausea and vomiting 
  • Seizures
  • Headache, usually in the morning
  • Blurred vision
  • Problems speaking or swallowing
  • Mood or behavior changes
  • Coordination and balance problems
  • Weakness or tingling in the arms or legs
  • Swelling around an eye
  • Weakness of facial muscles
  • Problems swallowing
  • Abnormal eye movement
  • Increase in head size (in babies)
  • Pain in the back, arms or legs
  • Changes in bowel or urinary habits

How are childhood brain tumors diagnosed?

One or more diagnostic tests may be used to determine a tumor in the brain such as;

  • Neurological exam
  • Imaging tests
  • Biopsy
  • Tests to see if cancer has spread

What are pediatric brain tumor treatment options?

Treatment for a pediatric brain tumor depends on the type, size and location of the tumor, as well as your child's age and overall health.

  • Surgery: If the brain tumor is located in a place that makes it accessible for an operation, removing as much of the brain tumor as safely as possible is usually the first step. Surgery may help reduce the size of the tumor.
  • Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy can be used to stop or slow down the growth of the tumor. External beam radiation can be done on the area of brain where the tumor is located, or it can be applied to the entire brain. Whole-brain radiation is most often used to treat cancer that has spread to the brain from some other part of the body.
  • Proton beam therapy: Proton beam therapy delivers higher targeted doses of radiation to brain tumors, minimizing radiation exposure to nearby healthy tissue. Proton beam therapy is especially beneficial for certain types of brain tumors.
  • Gamma knife treatment: Gamma knife treatment is typically done in one session, and in most cases your child can go home the same day. It may be used if the tumor's location makes it impossible to remove it or if the child is not healthy enough for surgery.
  • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill tumor cells.
  • Targeted drug therapy: Targeted drug treatments focus on specific abnormalities present within cancer cells. By blocking these abnormalities, targeted drug treatments can cause cancer cells to die.

Why choose Turkey for brain tumor treatment?

  • Experience: Surgical expertise of Turkish doctors is at a high level. They perform a large number of pediatric brain tumor surgeries each year by using state of the art technology.
  • State of art techonology: Regarding to treatments such as GammaKnife and Radiotherapy, our contracted hospitals are using the latest Technologies.
  • Customized care: Additionally, Medical Centers in Turkey are designed with full range of services that help make the child and their family's experience as comfortable as possible.

What is bladder cancer?

The bladder is a hollow, flexible pouch in your pelvis. Its main job is to store urine before it leaves your body. Bladder cancer occurs when bladder cells become abnormal and grow out of control.

Each year, almost 71.000 new cases of bladder cancer are diagnosed in USA.

What are the symptoms of bladder cancer?

The most common symptom of bladder cancer is detecting blood in the urine which may turn it orange, pink, or darker red.

In some cases, you won’t be able to see the blood in your urine. Your doctor or the lab tech will only detect it with a urine test.

Symptoms of bladder cancer may include:

  • Peeing more often than usual
  • Change of color in urine
  • Hurting or burning while peeing
  • Urge to pee even if your bladder is not full
  • Being unable to pee or only peeing a little

How is bladder cancer diagnosed?

Tests and procedures used to diagnose bladded cancer may include:

  • Blood and urine tests
  • Cystoscopy
  • CT or CAT (computed axial tomography) scans
  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scans
  • PET (positron emission tomography) scans
  • Intravenous pyelogram (IVP)
  • Bone scan
  • Chest X-ray
  • CT urogram

What are the tratment options for bladder cancer?

There are different options for bladder cancer treatment. Your doctor will take many different factors into account when deciding which treatment is best for you.

The decision will be based on your type of bladder cancer, its stage and grade.

The treatments used for bladded cancer may include:

  • Robotic surgery
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy

You may have a combination of these treatments depending on your medical situaition.

Why choose Turkey for bladder cancer treatment?

  • Low prices: Turkey provides affordable and high-quality healthcare . In Turkey, we provide affordable and high-quality healthcare for Bladder Cancer.
  • International accreditation: Our partner hospitals for Bladded Cancer treatment in Turkey are certified by independent international organizations such as JCI (Joint Commission International) or ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and they are all University Hospitals.
  • Latest techonology: Latest technologies are applied in our contracted hospitals to achieve the great results.
  • Fast treatment arrangement: Since oncology treatment requires urgency, we suggest you to start your treatment as soon as possible.
  • Our partner hospitals have cooperation with top American cancer centers.

What is breast cancer?

Breast cancer occurs when cancer develops from breast tissue.

Risk factors for developing breast cancer include obesity, lack of physical exercise, drinking alcohol, hormone replacement therapy during menopause, ionizing radiation, early age at first menstruation, and having children late or not at all.

What are the symptoms of breast cancer?

Signs and symptoms of breast cancer may include:

  • A lump in the breast
  • A change in breast shape
  • Dimpling of the skin
  • Fluid coming from nipples
  • Red scaly patch of skin

How is breast cancer diagnosed?

Early detection tests for breast cancer save thousands of lives each year. The goal of screening exams for early breast cancer detection is to find cancers before they start to cause symptoms.

Tests and procedures used to diagnose breast cancer may include:

  • Breast exam
  • Mammography
  • Breast ultrasound
  • Biopsy
  • Breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

What are the treatment options for breast cancer?

There are many options for breast cancer treatment. Your doctor will take many different factors into account when deciding which treatment is best for you.

The decision will be based on your type of breast cancer, its stage and grade, whether the cancer cells are sensitive to hormones and your overall health.

The treatments used for breast cancer may include:

  • Surgery
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • Biological treatments

You may have a combination of these treatments, depending on your situation.

Why choose Turkey for breast cancer treatment?

  • Up to 95% of success rate at early stage of breast cancer.
  • Low prices: In Turkey, we provide affordable and high-quality healthcare for breast cancer.
  • International accreditation: Our partner hospitals for breast cancer treatment in Turkey are certified by independent international organizations such as JCI (Joint Commission International) or ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and they are all university hospitals.
  • Latest techonology: Latest technologies are applied in our contracted hospitals to achieve the great results.
  • Fast treatment arrangement: Since oncology treatment requires urgency, we suggest you to start your treatment as soon as possible.
  • Our partner hospitals have cooperation with top American cancer centers.
  • Outpatient treatment: Most chemotherapy treatments are given in an outpatient clinic. During chemotheraphy treatment you will be in the hospital and the process may take at most 6-8 hours. Usually there is a specific timeline between chemotherapy sessions, your treatment could be in every 15 or 21 days. During these sessions you are always welcome in our hotel or you can choose to return your country.
  • Geographic location: Nearly one billion people from different countries can reach Turkey in around four hours. The national carrier, Turkish Airlines, has direct flights from 57 countries. Turkey has 4 direct flights from Moldova and more than 1 direct flights from Romania every day and they take just around one hour.

What is cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer occurs in the cervix which is the lower part of the uterus. Some factors increase the risk of having cervical cancer such as having HPV infection, genetic factors and smoking.

What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?

Signs and symptoms of cervical cancer may include:

  • Unnatural vaginal bleeding
  • Unnatural vaginal discharge
  • Pelvic pain
  • Pain during sex
  • Weight loss

If you have experienced symptoms of cervical cancer you are advised to see a doctor. 

What are the treatment options of cervical cancer?

There are different options for Cervical Cancer treatment. To decide the best treatment option for you , your condition should be evaluated by your doctor.

The most common treatments for cervical cancer are surgical treatment, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Also, a combined version of these treatments may be considered.

During surgical treatment, according to the stage of the cancer, only the cervix with lymph nodes may be removed or the uterus may be removed with or without ovaries and lymph nodes.

Why choose Turkey for cervical cancer treatment?

  • The five year survival rate is up to %80 in the early stages of cervical cancer.
  • Low prices: In Turkey, we provide affordable and high-quality healthcare for cervical cancer.
  • International accreditation: Our partner hospitals for cervical cancer treatment in Turkey are certified by independent international organizations such as JCI (Joint Commission International) or ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and they are all university hospitals.
  • Latest Techonology: Latest technologies are applied in our contracted hospitals to achieve the great results.
  • Fast treatment arrangement: Since oncology treatment requires urgency, we suggest you to start your treatment as soon as possible.
  • Our partner hospitals have cooperation with top American cancer centers.
  • Outpatient cervical cancer treatment: Most chemotherapy treatments are given in an outpatient clinic. During chemotheraphy treatment you will be in the hospital and the process may take at most 6-8 hours. Usually there is a specific timeline between chemotherapy sessions, your treatment could be in every 15 or 21 days. During these sessions you are always welcome in our hotel or you can choose to return your country.
  • Geographic location: Nearly one billion people from different countries can reach Turkey in around four hours. The national carrier, Turkish Airlines, has direct flights from 57 countries. Turkey has 4 direct flights from Moldova and more than 1 direct flights from Romania every day and they take just around one hour.

What is childhood leukemia?

Leukemia is the most common type of cancer seen in children, making up about a third of all pediatric cancers. Childhood leukemia starts in the bone marrow, where new blood cells are made.

There is no known way to prevent leukemia, but there are several risk factors that may increase a person’s chance of developing the disease.

  • Bloom syndrome
  • Diamond-Blackfan anemia
  • Down syndrome
  • Fanconi anemia
  • Klinefelter syndrome
  • Li-Fraumeni syndrome
  • Neurofibromatosis
  • Schwachman-Diamond syndrome
  • Trisomy 8

What are the symptoms of childhood leukemia?

Unfortunately leukemia usually does not show its symptoms in the early stages. Signs and symptoms of childhood leukemia may include:

  • Fever/infection. This occurs because the body doesn’t have enough healthy white blood cells to fight an infection.
  • Frequent and serious nose bleeds and bleeding gums
  • Pain or a feeling of fullness below the ribs
  • Easy bruising and bleeding
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Loss of appetite
  • Bone or joint pain
  • Night sweats
  • Pinpoint red spots caused by bleeding under the skin
  • Lumps under the skin in the groin, underarm or neck. They may be blue or purple, or may not be discolored at all.

How is childhood leukemia diagnosed? 

First step to diagnose childhood leukemia is blood investigations and bone marrow biopsy. Also, MRI, CT scan and ultrasonography may be needed to detect the damages of childhood leukemia.

What are the treatment options for childhood leukemia?

There are different options for the treatment of Leukemia in children. Treatment options determined by several factors such as type and stage of leukemia and age of the patient .

The common treatments used for leukemia may include:

  • Bone marrow transplantation
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Biological treatments

Why choose Turkey for childhood leukemia treatment?

Turkish hospitals have remarkable experience and skill in treating childhood leukemia. A team of specially trained physicians, supported by nurses and therapists, follow the patiant throughout childhood leukemia treatment.

Moreover, successful bone marrow transplantations are continuously being carried out in Turkey. Adult and pediatric bone marrow transplant centers that work with international standards are integrated to the international bone marrow banks.

What is childhood lymphoma?

Lymphomas are cancers of the lymphatic system and it has two main types under the name of Hodgkin’s lymphoma and Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas.

In Hodgkin's lymphoma, the disease is defined by the presence of Reed Sternberg cells, which are large cells that can have more than one nucleus. These cells grow and divide more quickly and live longer than normal cells.

Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL), or simply lymphoma, does not have Reed Sternberg cells.

What are the symptoms of childhood lymphoma?

Signs and symptoms of childhood Lymphoma may include:

  • Painless swelling or enlargement of lymph nodes, especially in the neck, armpits and groin
  • Excessive night sweats
  • Unexplained fever
  • Undetermined weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Itchy skin

Additionally, signs and symptoms of non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma may include:

  • Swollen abdomen
  • Feeling full after a small meal
  • Shortness of breath
  • Coughing due to the disease developing in the chest

How is childhood lymhoma diagnosed?

Childhood lymphomas can be difficult to characterize, several tests may have to be done.

General tests that can be used to determine the type and stage of childhood lymphoma are:

  • Lymph node biopsy
  • CT scans
  • PET scans
  • Blood chemistry studies

What are the treatment options for childhood lymhoma?

For each child a personalized lymphoma treatment strategy should be determined based on information including:

  • Age of the child
  • Initial symptoms
  • Subtype and stage of disease
  • Whether the disease is bulky and extensive
  • Whether the disease has spread outside the lymph nodes or not
  • How quickly the disease disappears after the start of therapy

The common treatments used for lymphoma may include:

  • Bone Marrow Transplantation
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy

Why choose Turkey for childhood lymphoma treatment?

Turkish hospitals have remarkable experience and skill in treating childhood lymphoma. A team of specially trained physicians, supported by nurses and therapists, follow the patiant throughout childhood lymphoma treatment.

Moreover, successful bone marrow transplantations are continuously being carried out in Turkey. Adult and pediatric bone marrow transplant centers that work with international standards, are integrated to the international bone marrow banks

What is Ewing's sarcoma?

Ewing's sarcomas, or Ewing's tumors are a type of cancer which start in the bones or soft tissues. Ewing's sarcomas usually form in the pelvis, chest or legs, particularly the long bones.

What are the types of Ewing's sarcoma?

Ewing's sarcomas are categorized into three types. While each type is slightly different, they all are caused by the same gene abnormalities and are treated in the same way.

  • Ewing's sarcoma of the bone
  • Extraosseous Ewing tumor (EOE)
  • Peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PPNET)

What are the symptoms of Ewing’s sarcoma?

Signs and symptoms of Ewing's sarcoma may include:

  • Pain, swelling or tenderness near the affected area
  • Bone pain
  • Unexplained tiredness
  • Fever with no known cause
  • Uweight loss
  • Broken bone with no known cause

How is Ewing’s sarcoma diagnosed?

Usually an X-ray shows a suspicious area. Afterwards, the doctor recommends additional imaging tests for further evaluationions in childhood

  • Computerized tomography (CT)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Positron emission tomography (PET)
  • Bone scan
  • Biopsy

Also, the doctor may recommend a needle biopsy procedure to determine the type of cancer. Testing also reveals the cancer's grade, which helps doctors understand how aggressive the cancer may be.

What are the treatment options for Ewing’s sarcoma?

Ewing’s sarcoma generally requires multiple approaches. The treatment of Ewing’s sarcoma generally includes surgery with chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy.

Treatment options may include:

  • Chemotherapy
  •  Surgery
  •  Radiation therapy
  • Targeted therapies

Why choose Turkey for Ewing’s sarcoma treatment?

Turkish hospitals have remarkable experience and skill in treating Ewing’s sarcoma. A team of specially trained physicians, supported by nurses and therapists, follow the  patiant throughout Ewing’s sarcoma treatment.

  • Low prices: In Turkey, we provide affordable and high-quality healthcare for Ewing’s sarcoma.
  • International accreditation: Our partner hospitals for Ewing’s sarcoma treatment in Turkey are certified by independent international organizations such as JCI (Joint Commission International) or ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and they are all University Hospitals.
  • Latest techonology: Latest technologies are applied in our contracted hospitals to achieve the great results.
  • Fast treatment arrangement: Since oncology treatment requires urgency, we suggest you to start your treatment as soon as possible.
  • Our partner hospitals have cooperation with top American cancer centers.

What is eye cancer?

Although eye cancer is uncommon, it can form in several different structures in the area of the eye.

If the cancer starts inside the eyeball it is called intraocular cancer. The most common intraocular cancers in adults are melanoma and lymphoma.

What are the symptoms of eye cancer?

Signs and symptoms of eye cancer may include:

  • Loss of vision
  • Blurry vision
  • Flashes and floaters
  • Pigmented area
  • Loss of eyelashes
  • Cahange in pupil shape or size
  • Double vision
  • Orbital pain

How is eye cancer diagnosed?

Examination of the eye by an ophthalmologist  is often the most important first step in diagnoses.

If an eye exam suggests you might have eye cancer, more tests such as imaging tests or other procedures might be done to confirm the diagnosis.

  • Ultrasound
  • OCT
  • Fluorescein angiography
  • CT scan
  • MRI  scan
  • Biopsy

What are the treatment options for eye cancer?

Eye cancer treatment options will depend on the location and size of the eye melanoma. If the melanoma is small and isn't growing, you and your doctor may choose to wait and watch for signs of growth.

If the melanoma grows or causes complications, your doctor may suggest these treatments below:

  • Radiation therapy
  • Laser treatment
  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy

Why choose Turkey for eye cancer treatment?

  • International accreditation: Our partner hospitals for eye cancer treatment in Turkey are certified by independent international organizations such as JCI (Joint Commission International) or ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and they are all university hospitals.
  • Latest techonology: Latest technologies are applied in our contracted hospitals to achieve the great results.
  • Fast treatment arrangement: Oncology treatment requires urgency  and we provide you to start your treatment as soon as possible.
  • Low prices: In Turkey, we provide affordable and high-quality healthcare for eye cancer. Eye cancer treatment costs in Turkey are 2-3 times lower than in Europe.
  • Our partner hospitals have cooperation with top American cancer centers.
  • Geographic location: Nearly one billion people from different countries can reach Turkey in around four hours. The national carrier, Turkish Airlines, has direct flights from 57 countries. Turkey has 4 direct flights from Moldova and more than 1 direct flights from Romania every day and they take just around one hour.

What is kidney cancer?

Kidney cancer usually develops as a single mass within the kidney. The kidney may contain more than one tumor, but it is rare for cancer to occur in both kidneys.

There are different types of kidney cancer. About 90% of kidney cancers are renal cell cancers. They start in the cortex of the kidney.

Rarely, very young children and adults develop a type of kidney cancer called nephroblastoma.

What are the symptoms of kidney cancer?

Kidney cancer usually doesn’t show symptoms at an early stage. They are often diagnosed by chance.

Common symptoms of kidney cancer may include:

  • Blood in the urine (this is the most common symptom)
  • A dull pain in your side between your upper abdomen and back
  • A high temperature, night sweats and feeling very tired
  • Losing weight for no obvious reason
  • A lump in the tummy area, side or back

How is kidney cancer diagnosed?

Tests and procedures used to diagnose kidney cancer may include:

  • Blood and urine tests
  • CT scan
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Removing a sample of kidney tissue (biopsy)

What are the treatment options for kidney cancer?

Surgery is the first-line treatment for most renal cell carcinoma patient. Your doctor will take many different factors into account when deciding which treatment is best for you.

The decision will be based on your type of kidney cancer, its stage and grade.

The treatments used for kidney cancer may include:

  • Surgery (partial nephrectomy or radical nephrectomy surgery)
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy

You may have a combination of these treatments depending on your medical situaition.

Why choose Turkey for kidney cancer treatment?

  • Low prices: In Turkey, we provide affordable and high-quality healthcare for kidney cancer. Kidney cancer treatment cost in Turkey is 2-3 times lower than in Europe.
  • International accreditation: Our partner hospitals for kidney cancer treatment in Turkey are certified by independent international organizations such as JCI (Joint Commission International) or ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and they are all university hospitals.
  • Latest techonology: Latest technologies are applied in our contracted hospitals to achieve the great results.
  • Fast treatment arrangement: Since kidney cancer treatment requires urgency, we suggest you to start your treatment as soon as possible.
  • Our partner hospitals have cooperation with top American cancer centers.

What is lymphoma?

Lymphoma is a type of cancer which occurs in lymphoid tissues, lymph nodes, spleen, blood or bone marrow.

Lymphoma has two main types under the name of  Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas.

What are the symtoms of lymphoma?

Signs and symptoms of lymphoma may include:

  • Swelling of lymph nodes in the neck, in the axilla (under the arms),  in the groin
  • Weight loss
  • Fever
  • Night sweats

How is lymphoma diagnosed? 

Early diagnnosis play an important role. Diagnostic tests for lymphoma are blood investigations and biopsy.

What are the treatment options for lymphoma?

There are different options for lymphoma treatment. Treatment options for lymphoma are determined by several factors such as type and stage of lymphoma and age of the patient.

The common treatments used for lymphoma may include:

  • Bone marrow transplantation
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Biological treatment

Why choose Turkey for lymphoma treatment?

In Turkey hundreds of lymphoma patients are being treated in medical centers each year, which provides doctors remarkable depth of experience and expertise.

Innovative treatments are available in Turkey. To treat lymphoma, doctors apply immunotherapy which was approved by FDA in 2018. Such a therapy boosts the patient’s immunity to fight malignant formations without damage for healthy cells.

Moreover, successful bone marrow transplantations are continuously being carried out in Turkey. Adult and pediatric bone marrow transplant centers that work with international standards, are integrated to the international bone marrow banks.

What is leukemia?

Among the public, leukemia is known as a blood cancer. The disease occurs in the bone marrow and correspondingly it starts to make abnormal white blood cells.

Types of leukemia are grouped by the type of cell affected and by the rate of cell growth.

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) is most prevalent during childhood and early adulthood, but it also is found in adults.

Acute Myeloid (or myelogenous) leukemia (AML) occurs more often in adults.

Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) is a condition in which the bone marrow does not produce enough normal blood cells.

Myeloproliferative Disorder (MPD) is a condition in which the bone marrow makes to many blood cells. Sometimes the disease progresses slowly and requires little treatment; other times it develops into acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

Chronic leukemia involves an overgrowth of mature blood cells. Usually, people with chronic leukemia have enough mature blood cells to prevent serious bleeding and infection. Chronic leukemia is found more often in people between ages 40 and 70.

What are the symptoms of leukemia?

Often, symptoms of leukemia do not show up in the early stages. If you do have symptoms, they may include:

  • Weight loss
  • Fever
  • Having infections often
  • Mouth sores
  • Diarrhea
  • Bloated lymph nodes
  • Bone pain
  • Easy bleeding

How is leukemia diagnosed? 

Early diagnosis plays an important role in the treatment of leukemia.

Diagnostic tests for leukemia are blood investigatons and bone marrow biopsy. Also MRI, CT scan and ultrasonography may be performed to detect the damages of leukemia.

What are the treatment options for leukemia?

There are different options for Leukemia treatment. Treatment options determined by several factors such as type and stage of leukemia and age of patient.

The common treatments used for leukemia may include:

  • Bone marrow transplantation
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Biological treatments

Why choose Turkey for leukemia treatment?

Medical centers in Turkey work with highly experienced physicians dedicated to leukemia treatment. Using a comprehensive team approach, they provide customized care that includes the most advanced diagnostic methods and treatments.

Our partner hospitals for leukemia treatment in Turkey are certified by independent international organizations such as JCI (Joint Commission International) or ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and they are all university hospitals.

Since leukemia treatment requires urgency, we suggest you to start your treatment as soon as possible.

What is liver cancer?

There are some factors that increase the risk of havingliver cancer which are having hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus, obesity and diabetes.

What are the symptoms of liver cancer?

Signs and symptoms of liver cancer may include:

  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Weight loss
  • Lack of appetite
  • Continuous vomiting

How is liver cancer diagnosed? 

  • Early diagnosis play an important role in the treatment of liver cancer.
  • Diagnostic tests for liver cancer may include: 
  • CT scan
  • MRI
  • Liver biopsy
  • Blood tests of tumor markers

What are the treatment options for liver cancer?

There are different options for the treatment of liver cancer. To decide the best treatment option for you, your condition should be evaluated by your doctor.

Surgical treatment, chemoembolization , radiotherapy and cryoablation are most common treatment ways of liver cancer. Also combined treatments may be considered.

Why choose Turkey for liver cancer treatment?

  • Low prices: In Turkey, we provide affordable and high-quality healthcare for liver cancer. Liver cancer treatment cost in Turkey is 2-3 times lower than in Europe.
  • International accreditation: Our partner hospitals for liver cancer treatment in Turkey are certified by independent international organizations such as JCI (Joint Commission International) or ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and they are all university hospitals.
  • Latest techonology: Latest technologies are applied in our contracted hospitals to achieve the great results.
  • Fast treatment arrangement: Since oncology treatment requires urgency, we suggest you to start your treatment as soon as possible.
  • Our partner hospitals have cooperation with top American cancer centers.
  • Outpatient treatment: Most chemotherapy treatments are given in an outpatient clinic. During chemotheraphy treatment you will be in the hospital and the process may take at most 6-8 hours. Usually there is a specific timeline between chemotherapy sessions, your treatment could be in every 15 or 21 days. During these sessions you are always welcome in our hotel or you can choose to return your country.
  • Geographic location: Nearly one billion people from different countries can reach Turkey in around four hours. The national carrier, Turkish Airlines, has direct flights from 57 countries. Turkey has 4 direct flights from Moldova and more than 1 direct flights from Romania every day and they take just around one hour.

What is lung cancer?

Lung cancer develops in the lung tissues. There are some factors that increase the risk of having lung cancer such as smoking, genetic factors, radiation and air pollution.

What are the symptoms of lung cancer? 

Signs and symptoms of lung cancer may include:

  • Continuos coughing
  • Diffuculty breathing
  • Weakness
  • Shoulder and arm pain
  • Weight loss
  • Headache

How is lung cancer diagnosed? 

Early diagnosis plays an important role in the treatment of lung cancer. Diagnostic tests for lung cancer may include: 

  • Thorax CT scan
  • MRI
  • Biopsy
  • Blood investigations

What are the treatment options for lung cancer?

There are different options for lung cancer treatment. To decide the best treatment option for you, your condition should be evaluated by your doctor.

While surgical treatment, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are the most common ways of lung cancer treatment, depending on the patient a combined version of these treatments may be considered.

Regarding to the stage of the cancer, the tumor or a part of a lung or whole of the lung can be removed by surgery. Also, chemotherapy may be advised in order to lessen the cancer cells before the surgery.

After the surgery, chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy will be given to decrease the risk of cancer to relapse. Besides, if it is a  progressive cancer and it is already spread out  these treatments given to damage the cancer cells which are located different parts of the body.

Why choose Turkey for lung cancer treatment?

  • International accreditation: Our partner hospitals for lung cancer treatment in Turkey are certified by independent international organizations such as JCI (Joint Commission International) or ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and they are all university hospitals.
  • Latest techonology: Latest technologies are applied in our contracted hospitals to achieve the great results.
  • Low prices: In Turkey, we provide affordable and high-quality healthcare for lung cancer. Lung cancer treatment cost in Turkey is 2-3 times lower than in Europe.
  • Fast treatment arrangement: Since lung cancer treatment requires urgency, we suggest you to start your treatment as soon as possible.
  • Our partner hospitals have cooperation with top American cancer centers.
  • Outpatient treatment: Most chemotherapy treatments are given in an outpatient clinic. During chemotheraphy treatment you will be in the hospital and the process may take at most 6-8 hours. Usually there is a specific timeline between chemotherapy sessions, your treatment could be in every 15 or 21 days. During these sessions you are always welcome in our hotel or you can choose to return your country.
  • Geographic location: Nearly one billion people from different countries can reach Turkey in around four hours. The national carrier, Turkish Airlines, has direct flights from 57 countries. Turkey has 4 direct flights from Moldova and more than 1 direct flights from Romania every day and they take just around one hour.

What is retinoblastoma?

Retinoblastoma is a cancer of the retina, a light-sensitive layer of tissue in the eye. It is the most common malignant tumor that starts in eye among children.

What are the symptoms of retinoblastoma?

Signs and symptoms of retinoblastoma may include:

  • An opaque white area in the pupil
  • Problems with eye movement, such as crossed eyes (strabismus)
  • Decreased vision in one eye
  • Eye pain
  • A larger-than-normal eyeball
  • Lazy eye
  • Redness of the eye

How is retinoblastoma diagnosed?

There are several different procedures doctors can use to diagnose retinoblastoma, including:

  • Eye exam
  • Ultrasound of the eye
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
  • Blood tests
  • DNA and/or genetic testing

How is retinoblastoma treated?

The main types of treatment for retinoblastoma are:

  • Surgery
  • Radiotheray
  • Cryotherapy
  • Chemotherapy

Children with retinoblastoma are treated by a team of doctors that often includes:

  • A pediatric ophthalmologist: A doctor who treats eye diseases in children.
  • An ocular oncologist: A doctor (usually an ophthalmologist) who treats cancers of the eye.
  • A pediatric oncologist: A doctor who treats children with cancer.
  • A radiation oncologist: A doctor who treats cancer with radiation therapy.

Why choose Turkey for retinoblastoma treatment?

  • Experince: Turkish hospitals have remarkable experience and skill in treating retinoblastoma. A team of specially trained physicians, accompanied by nurses and therapists, follow the patient throughout the treatment.
  • International accreditation: Our partner hospitals for retinoblastoma treatment in Turkey are certified by independent international organizations such as JCI (Joint Commission International) or ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and they are all university hospitals.
  • Latest techonology: Latest technologies are applied in our contracted hospitals to achieve the great results.
  • Fast treatment arrangement: Since retinoblastoma treatment requires urgency, we suggest you to start your treatment as soon as possible.
  • Our partner hospitals have cooperation with top American cancer centers.

What is medulloblastoma?

Medulloblastoma is a type of brain tumor that starts in the cerebellum, which controls balance and other complex motor and cognitive functions. While medulloblastoma often grows quickly and may spread to other parts of the body, it usually responds well to treatment.

While medulloblastoma is rare, it is the most common pediatric malignant (cancerous) brain tumor. Approximately 20% of childhood brain tumors are medulloblastomas.

What are the symtoms of medulloblastoma?

Signs and symptoms of medulloblastoma may include:

  • Headaches, which may be worse in the morning and get better during the day
  • Nausea or vomiting in the morning
  • Problems with motor skills, such as clumsiness or poor handwriting
  • Tiredness
  • Tilting the head to one side
  • Walking difficulty and balance problems

How is medulloblastoma diagnosed?

There are several different procedures doctors can use to diagnose medulloblastoma including:

  • Neurological exam
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
  • CT Scan
  • Pet Scan
  • Blood tests

What are the treatment options for medulloblastoma?

The main types of treatment for retinoblastoma are:

  • Surgery
  • Radiotheray
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted therapies

Medulloblastoma treatment starts with surgery to remove as much of the tumor as possible as safely. Studies have shown that the chances for successful treatment and improved survival are better if more tumor will be removed.

After surgery, most children receive chemotherapy to destroy any remaining cancer cells.

All adults with medulloblastoma receive radiation therapy to the brain and the spine after surgery to stop or slow the growth of any residual tumor.

Depending on their age and condition, some children receive radiation therapy as well.

Why choose Turkey for medullablastoma treatment?

  • Experince: Turkish hospitals have remarkable experience and skill in treating medulloblastoma. A team of specially trained physicians, accompanied by nurses and therapists, follow the patient throughout the treatment.
  • International accreditation: Our partner hospitals for medulloblastoma treatment in Turkey are certified by independent international organizations such as JCI (Joint Commission International) or ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and they are all university hospitals.
  • Latest techonology: Latest technologies are applied in our contracted hospitals to achieve the great results.
  • Fast treatment arrangement: Oncology treatment requires urgency and we provide you to start your treatment as soon as possible.
  • Our partner hospitals have cooperation with top American cancer centers.

What is Melanoma?

Melanoma is a skin cancer that starts in melanocytes (cells that make melanin), which give skin its pigment, or color. Sometimes these cells transform, often because of damage caused by sun exposure and over time, this damage may result in cancer. types of melanoma include:

  • Melanoma Types
  • Cutaneous Melanoma
  • Nodular melanoma
  • Lentigo maligna melanoma
  • Acral lentiginous melanoma
  • Mucosal Melanoma
  • Ocular Melanoma

What are the symptoms of melanoma?

The most important warning sign of melanoma is a new spot on the skin or a spot that is changing in size, shape, or color. Another important sign is a spot that looks different from all the other ones on your skin.

  • Asymmetry: One half of a mole or birthmark does not match the other.
  • Border: The edges are irregular, ragged, notched, or blurred.
  • Color: The color is not the same all over and may include different shades of brown or black, or sometimes with patches of pink, red, white, or blue.
  • Diameter: The spot is larger than 6 millimeters across although melanomas can sometimes be smaller than this.
  • Evolving: The mole is changing in size, shape, or color.

How is melanoma diagnosed?

Most melanomas are brought to a doctor’s attention because of signs or symptoms a person is having.

If you have an abnormal area that might be skin cancer, your doctor will examine it and might do tests to find out if it is melanoma, another type of skin cancer, or some other skin condition. If melanoma is found, other tests may be done to find out if it has spread to other areas of the body.

  • Punch Biopsy
  • CT scan
  • MRI
  • PET scan

What are the treatment options for melanoma?

If melanoma is caught early, it is highly treatable. Surgery is the main treatment for early melanomas, and may be used as part of the treatment approach for advanced melanomas.

If cancers cells have already reached the lymph nodes (stage 3) surgical treatment may be needed. Requiring wide excision of the primary tumor as in earlier stages, along with lymph node dissection.

After surgery, adjuvant treatment may help lower the risk of the melanoma coming back. Another option is to give radiation therapy to the areas where the lymph nodes were removed, especially if many of the nodes contain cancer.

Stage 4 melanomas are often hard to cure, as they have already spread to distant lymph nodes or other areas of the body. Skin tumors or enlarged lymph nodes causing symptoms can often be removed by surgery or treated with radiotherapy.

Why choose Turkey for melanoma treatment?

  • Experince: Turkish hospitals have remarkable experience and skill in treating melanoma. A team of specially trained physicians, accompanied by nurses and therapists, follow the patient throughout the treatment.
  • International accreditation: Our partner hospitals for melanoma treatment in Turkey are certified by independent international organizations such as JCI (Joint Commission International) or ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and they are all university hospitals.
  • Latest techonology: Latest technologies are applied in our contracted hospitals to achieve the great results.
  • Fast treatment arrangement: Since melanoma treatment requires urgency, we suggest you to start your treatment as soon as possible.
  • Our partner hospitals have cooperation with top American cancer centers.

Multiple myeloma is a cancer of plasma cells. Plasma cells help to fight infections by making antibodies that recognize and attack germs.

Multiple myeloma causes cancer cells to accumulate in the bone marrow, where they crowd out healthy blood cells.

What are the symptoms of multiple myeloma?

Signs and symptoms of multiple myeloma may include:

  • Bone pain, especially in your spine or chest 
  • Nausea
  • Constipation
  • Loss of appetite
  • Mental fogginess or confusion
  • Fatigue
  • Frequent infections
  • Weight loss
  • Weakness or numbness in your legs
  • Excessive thirst

How is multiple myeloma diagnosed? 

Procedures used to diagnose multiple myeloma include:

  • Blood tests: Laboratory analysis of your blood may reveal the M proteins produced by myeloma cells. Another abnormal protein produced by myeloma cells — called beta 2 microglobulin — may be detected in your blood and give your doctor clues about the aggressiveness of your myeloma.
  • Urine tests
  • Biopsy of bone marrow
  •  X-ray
  • MRI
  • CT scan
  • PET scan

What are the treatment options for mulitple myeloma?

Standard treatment options include:

  • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy drugs kill fast-growing cells, including myeloma cells.High doses of chemotherapy drugs are used before a bone marrow transplant.
  • Surgery: Surgery is sometimes used to remove single plasmacytomas, but it’s rarely used to treat multiple myeloma.
  • Bone marrow transplant: A bone marrow transplant, also known as a stem cell transplant, is a procedure to replace your diseased bone marrow with healthy bone marrow. Stem cell transplant is commonly used to treat multiple myeloma. Before the transplant, drug treatment is used to reduce the number of myeloma cells in the patient’s body.
  • Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy may be used to quickly shrink myeloma cells in a specific area.

Why choose Turkey for multiple myeloma treatment?  

Medical Centers in Turkey  works with highly experienced physicians dedicated to Multiple Myeloma treatment, Using a comprehensive team approach, they provide customized care that includes the most advanced diagnostic methods and treatments.

Our partner hospitals for Prostate Cancer treatment in Turkey are certified by independent international organizations such as JCI (Joint Commission International) or ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and they are all University Hospitals.

Fast treatment arrangement: Since multiple myeloma treatment requires urgency, we suggest you to start your treatment as soon as possible.

What is neuroblastoma?

Neuroblastoma starts developing in certain, very early forms of nerve cells. They are most often found in an embryo or a fetus.

Neuroblastoma is the fourth most common cancer type among children and the most common cancer type in infants.

It almost always develops before the age of 5, and the average age of diagnosis is between 1 and 2.

What are the symptoms of neuroblastoma?

Sometimes neuroblastoma shows no symptoms, and sometimes it is misdiagnosed because its symptoms look like those of other more common conditions.

Signs and symptoms of neuroblastoma may include:

  • Bruising
  • Diarrhea
  • Loss of appetite, weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Lumps in the abdomen, lower back, neck or chest
  • Bone pain
  • Bulging eyes, drooping eyelid
  • Dark circles under or around the eyes
  • Swollen, distended stomach
  • Breathing problems or coughing
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Weakness or paralysis of the lower extremities
  • Fever, anemia and high blood pressure
  • Swelling of legs or scrotum
  • Problems with urination or bowel movements
  • Headaches, dizziness

How is neuroblastoma diagnosed?

Tests and procedures used to diagnose neuroblastoma may include:

  • Physical exam
  • Urine and blood tests
  • Imaging tests such as CT and MRI
  • Removing a sample of tissue for testing
  • Bone marrow biopsy

What are  Neuroblastoma treatment options?

  • Surgery: In children with low-risk neuroblastoma, surgery to remove the tumor may be the only treatment needed. Surrounding lymph nodes also may be removed to find out if the cancer has spread.
  • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy uses chemicals to destroy cancer cells. Neuroblastoma often spreads to other parts of the body, such as the lymph nodes, bone marrow, liver or bones before it is diagnosed. Chemotherapy travels all through the body, and that makes it effective in treating neuroblastoma. Chemotherapy is usually used before surgery and before bone marrow transplant.
  • Radiation therapy: Some children may receive radiation therapy if surgery and chemotherapy haven't been helpful. Children with high-risk neuroblastoma may receive radiation therapy after chemotherapy and surgery, to prevent cancer from recurring.
  • Bone marrow transplant: Children with high-risk neuroblastoma may receive a transplant using stem cells collected from bone marrow (
  • Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy uses drugs that work by signaling your body's immune system to help fight cancer cells. Children with high-risk neuroblastoma may receive immunotherapy drugs that stimulate the immune system to kill the neuroblastoma cells.

Why choose Turkey for neuoroblastoma treatment?

  • International accreditation: Our partner hospitals for neuroblastoma treatment in Turkey are certified by independent international organizations such as JCI (Joint Commission International) or ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and they are all university hospitals.
  • Latest techonology: Latest technologies are applied in our contracted hospitals to achieve the great results.
  • Fast treatment arrangement: Since neuroblastoma treatment requires urgency, we suggest you to start your treatment as soon as possible.
  • Our partner hospitals has cooperation with top American cancer centers.
  • Low prices: In Turkey, we provide affordable and high-quality healthcare for neuroblastoma. Neuroblastoma treatment cost in Turkey is 2 to 3 times lower than in Europe.
  • Geographic location: Nearly one billion people from different countries can reach Turkey in around four hours. The national carrier, Turkish Airlines, has direct flights from 57 countries. Turkey has 4 direct flights from Moldova and more than 1 direct flights from Romania every day and they take just around one hour.

What is ovarian cancer?

The female reproductive system contains two ovaries, one on each side of the uterus. Ovarian cancer often goes undetected until it has spread within the pelvis and abdomen. Early-stage ovarian cancer is more likely to be treated successfully and an early diagnosis plays an important role.

What are the symptoms of ovarian cancer?

Signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer may include:

  • Abdominal bloating or swelling
  • Quickly feeling full when eating
  • Weight loss
  • Discomfort in the pelvis area
  • Changes in bowel habits, such as constipation
  • A frequent need to urinate
  • Pain During sex
  • Back pain

How is ovarian cancer diagnosed? 

Tests and procedures used to diagnose ovarian cancer include:

  • Pelvic exam
  • Ultrasound
  • CT scans
  • Blood tests and cancer markers
  • Surgery: Sometimes your doctor can't be certain of your diagnosis until you undergo surgery to remove an ovary and have it tested for signs of cancer

What are the treatment options for ovarian cancer ?

There are different types of treatment options for ovarian cancer regarding to its progression speed, type and stage.

Treatment of ovarian cancer usually involves a combination of surgery and chemotherapy.

Why choose Turkey for ovarian cancer treatment?

  • International accreditation: Our partner hospitals for ovarian cancer treatment in Turkey are certified by independent international organizations such as JCI (Joint Commission International) or ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and they are all university hospitals.
  • Latest techonology: Latest technologies are applied in our contracted hospitals to achieve the great results.
  • Fast treatment arrangement: Since overian cancer treatment requires urgency, we suggest you to start your treatment as soon as possible.
  • Our partner hospitals have cooperation with top American cancer centers.
  • Low prices: In Turkey, we provide affordable and high-quality healthcare for ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer treatment cost in Turkey is 2 to 3 times lower than in Europe.
  • Outpatient treatment: Most chemotherapy treatments are given in an outpatient clinic. During chemotheraphy treatment you will be in the hospital and the process may take at most 6-8 hours. Usually there is a specific timeline between chemotherapy sessions, your treatment could be in every 15 or 21 days. During these sessions you are always welcome in our hotel or you can choose to return your country.
  • Geographic location: Nearly one billion people from different countries can reach Turkey in around four hours. The national carrier, Turkish Airlines, has direct flights from 57 countries. Turkey has 4 direct flights from Moldova and more than 1 direct flights from Romania every day and they take just around one hour.

What is pancreas cancer?

There are some factors increasing the risk of having pancreas cancer which are, genetic factors, obesity, smoking, drinking alcohol and old age. pancreas cancer is known as an insidious disease. Generally, it may not give signs and symptoms in the beginning stages. Pancreas cancer usually develops after the age of 60-65 and it is seen more in men than in women.

What are the symptoms of pancreas cancer?

Signs and symptoms of pancreas cancer may include:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Weight loss
  • Weakness
  • Pain in the upper part of the abdomen
  • Clotting of blood
  • Yellow skin

If you have experienced the symptoms of pancreas cancer you are advised to see a doctor. 

How is pancreas cancer diagnosed?

An early diagnosis plays an important role in the treatment of pancreas cancer. Diagnostic tests for pancreas cancer may include a CT scan, MRI, biopsy and blood investigations.

What are the treatment options for pancreas cancer?

There are different treatment options for pancreas cancer. To decide the best treatment option for you, your condition should be evaluated by your doctor.

Surgical treatment, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are the most common treatment ways of pancreas cancer also, depending on the patient, a combined treatment may be considered.

In general, treatment of pancreas cancer begins with surgery.  In some cases before the surgery chemotherapy and radiotherapy will be advised to lessen the cancer cells before surgery.

After the surgery, chemotherapy treatment is given to the patient to decrease the risk of a relapse. Also, if the cancer is progressive and it has already spread out then chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy treatment may be used in order to damage the cancer cells that are located in different parts of the body.

Why choose Turkey for pancreas cancer treatment?

  • International accreditation: Our partner hospitals for pancreas cancer treatment in Turkey are certified by independent international organizations such as JCI (Joint Commission International) or ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and they are all university hospitals.
  • Latest techonology: Latest technologies are applied in our contracted hospitals to achieve the great results.
  • Fast treatment arrangement: Since pancreas cancer treatment requires urgency, we suggest you to start your treatment as soon as possible.
  • Our partner hospitals have cooperation with top American cancer centers.
  • Low prices: In Turkey, we provide affordable and high-quality healthcare for pancreas cancer. Pancreas cancer treatment cost in Turkey is 2 to 3 times lower than in Europe.
  • Outpatient treatment: Most chemotherapy treatments are given in an outpatient clinic. During chemotheraphy treatment you will be in the hospital and the process may take at most 6-8 hours. Usually there is a specific timeline between chemotherapy sessions, your treatment could be in every 15 or 21 days. During these sessions you are always welcome in our hotel or you can choose to return your country.
  • Geographic location: Nearly one billion people from different countries can reach Turkey in around four hours. The national carrier, Turkish Airlines, has direct flights from 57 countries. Turkey has 4 direct flights from Moldova and more than 1 direct flights from Romania every day and they take just around one hour.

What is prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer is one of the most seen cancer in men. Prostate cancer occurs in the prostate organ and often it develops in men that are over the age of 50.

Prostate cancer is known to be a slowly progressing cancer but, in some cases, it may show a faster progression. The researches show that genetic factors, some sexual factors or eating habits are linked to the development of prostate cancer.

What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?

An early diagnosis plays an important role in the treatment of prostate cancer. If you experience changes in your urinary or sexual functions, you are advised to see a urologist.

Some of the most common symptoms of prostate cancer are painful  and diffucult urination, blood in urine, weak flow of urine and dysfunction of erectile.

How is prostate cancer diagnosed? 

Prostate screening tests may include:

  • PSA test
  • Ultrasound
  • Prostate MRI
  • Biopsy

What are the treatment options for prostate cancer?

There are different types of treatment options for prostate cancer regarding to it’s progression speed, type and stage.

According to the patient’s condition, surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy or a combination of these treatments may be recommended.

Why choose Turkey for prostate cancer treatment?

  • International accreditation: Our partner hospitals for prostate cancer treatment in Turkey are certified by independent international organizations such as JCI (Joint Commission International) or ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and they are all university hospitals.
  • Latest techonology: Latest technologies are applied in our contracted hospitals to achieve the great results.
  • Fast treatment arrangement: Since prostate cancer treatment requires urgency, we suggest you to start your treatment as soon as possible.
  • Our partner hospitals have cooperation with top American cancer centers.
  • Low prices: In Turkey, we provide affordable and high-quality healthcare for prostate cancer. Prostate cancer treatment cost in Turkey is 2 to 3 times lower than in Europe.
  • Outpatient treatment: Most chemotherapy treatments are given in an outpatient clinic. During chemotheraphy treatment you will be in the hospital and the process may take at most 6-8 hours. Usually there is a specific timeline between chemotherapy sessions, your treatment could be in every 15 or 21 days. During these sessions you are always welcome in our hotel or you can choose to return your country.
  • Geographic location: Nearly one billion people from different countries can reach Turkey in around four hours. The national carrier, Turkish Airlines, has direct flights from 57 countries. Turkey has 4 direct flights from Moldova and more than 1 direct flights from Romania every day and they take just around one hour.

What is thyroid cancer?

Thyroid cancer develops in thyroid cells and some environmental and genetic factors may increase the risk of having thyroid cancer.

What are the symptoms of thyroid cancer?

Signs and symtoms of thyroid cancer may include:

  • Neck pain
  • Voice changes
  • Swallowing difficulties

If you have experienced symptoms of thyroid cancer you are advised to see a doctor.

How is thyroid cancer diagnosed? 

Early diagnosis plays an important role in the treatment of thyroid cancer. Diagnostic tests may include: 

  • Ultrasonography
  • Biopsy
  • Blood investigations

What are the treatment options for thyroid cancer?

There are different options for the treatment of thyroid cancer. To decide the best treatment option for you, your condition should be evaluated by your doctor.

Surgical treatment, radioactive iodine treatment, hormone treatment and radiotherapy are the most common ways that are used in treatment of thyroid cancer, also combined treatments may be considered.

Why choose Turkey for thyroid cancer treatment?

  • International accreditation: Our partner hospitals for thyroid cancer treatment in Turkey are certified by independent international organizations such as JCI (Joint Commission International) or ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and they are all university hospitals.
  • Latest techonology: Latest technologies are applied in our contracted hospitals to achieve the great results.
  • Fast treatment arrangement: Since thyroid cancer treatment requires urgency, we suggest you to start your treatment as soon as possible.
  • Our partner hospitals has cooperation with top American cancer centers.
  • Low prices: In Turkey, we provide affordable and high-quality healthcare for thyroid cancer. Thyroid cancer treatment cost in Turkey is 2 to 3 times lower than in Europe.
  • Outpatient treatment: Most chemotherapy treatments are given in an outpatient clinic. During chemotheraphy treatment you will be in the hospital and the process may take at most 6-8 hours. Usually there is a specific timeline between chemotherapy sessions, your treatment could be in every 15 or 21 days. During these sessions you are always welcome in our hotel or you can choose to return to your country.

What is stomach cancer?

A stomach cancer develops from the cells that form the innermost lining of the stomach (the mucosa).

There are certain factors increasing the risk of having stomach cancer which are genetic factors, smoking, eating too much salty and smoked foods.

What are the symptoms of stomach cancer?

The most common symptoms of stomach cancer may include:

  • Severe stomach pain
  • Weight loss
  • Lack of appetite
  • Continuous vomiting
  • Discomfort feeling after the meals

If you experienced symptoms of stomach cancer you are advised to see a doctor. 

How is Stomach Cancer Diagnosed? 

Early diagnosis plays an important role in the treatment of stomach cancer. Diagnostic tests for stomach cancer may include:

  • CT scan
  • Ensocopy
  • Biopsy
  • Blood tests of tumor markers

What are the treatment options for stomach cancer?

There are different options for stomach cancer treatment. Before deciding the best treatment option for you, your condition should be evaluated by your doctor.

Surgical treatment, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are the most common treatment options of stomach cancer and also combined treatments may be considered.

Regarding to the stage of the cancer, the tumor, a part of stomach or the total stomach may remove in the surgery. Also before the surgery, chemotherapy or radiotherapy could be advised and the goal of these treatments are lessen the cancer cells.

After the surgery chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy may be given to decrease the risk of cancer recurrence. Besides, if it is a  progressive cancer and it is already spread out these treatments given to damage the cancer cells which are located different parts of the body.

Why choose Turkey for stomach cancer treatment?

  • International accreditation: Our partner hospitals for stomach cancer treatment in Turkey are certified by independent international organizations such as JCI (Joint Commission International) or ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and they are all university hospitals.
  • Latest techonology: Latest technologies are applied in our contracted hospitals to achieve the great results.
  • Fast treatment arrangement: Since stomach cancer treatment requires urgency, we suggest you to start your treatment as soon as possible.
  • Our partner hospitals has cooperation with top American cancer centers.
  • Low prices: In Turkey, we provide affordable and high-quality healthcare for stomach cancer. Stomach cancer treatment cost in Turkey is 2 to 3 times lower than in Europe.
  • Outpatient treatment: During chemotheraphy treatment you will be in the hospital and the process may take at most 6-8 hours. Usually there is a specific timeline between chemotherapy sessions, your treatment could be in every 15 or 21 days. During these sessions you are always welcome in our hotel or you can choose to return your country.

What is testicular cancer?

Testicular cancer is one of the most seen cancer type among young men but it may occur in older ages too. Testicular cancer can grow in one or both testicles.

Testicular cancer generally gives good response to treatment and has very high survival rate.

What are the symptoms of testicular cancer?

The early diagnosis is playing an important role in the treatment of testicular cancer. If you experience some of these signs below you are advised to see a urologist.

Signs and symptoms of testicular cancer are:

  • A lump in the testicle
  • Size change of testicle
  • Pain in testicle
  • Lower abdomen pain
  • Low back pain

How is testicular cancer diagnosed? 

Testicular cancer screening tests may include:

  • Blood investigations (tumor markers)
  • Scrotal Ultrasound
  • CT scan

Whast are the treatment options for testicular cancer?

There are different types of treatment options for tecticular cancer regarding to it’s progression speed, type and stage.

According to the patient’s condition, surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy or the combination of these treatments may be recommended.

  • Radical ingual orchiectomy surgery: The orchiectomy surgery is performed by urologist and it is the removal of one or both testicles which has cancer.
  • Chemotherapy: Generally after the orchiectomy surgery, chemotherapy treatment is advised and the goal of the treatment is killing the cancer cells. The treatment has some effects such as hair loss, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting but usually these side effects go away after treatment finished.
  • Radiotheraphy: Radiotherapy treatment option is usually appllied people who suffered from seminoma type of testicular cancer. The goal of treatment is especially  destroying  cancer cells in the lymph nodes.

Why choose Turkey for testicular cancer treatment?

  • International accreditation: Our partner hospitals in Turkey are certified by independent international organizations such as JCI (Joint Commission International) or ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and they are all University Hospitals.
  • Latest techonology: Latest technologies are applied in our contracted hospitals to achieve the great results.
  • Fast treatment arrangement: Since testicular cancer treatment requires urgency, we suggest you to start your treatment as soon as possible.
  • Our partner hospitals has cooperation with top American cancer centers.
  • Low prices: In Turkey, we provide affordable and high-quality healthcare for testicular cancer. Testicular cancer treatment cost in Turkey is 2 to 3 times lower than in Europe.
  • Outpatient treatment: Most chemotherapy treatments are given in an outpatient clinic. During chemotheraphy treatment you will be in the hospital and the process may take at most 6-8 hours. Usually there is a specific timeline between chemotherapy sessions, your treatment could be in every 15 or 21 days. During these sessions you are always welcome in our hotel or you can choose to return your country.

What is colon cancer?

Colon cancer occurs in the colon and rectum. Certain factors increase the risk of having colon cancer such as genetic factors, obesity, smoking, drinking alcohol and older age.

What are the symptoms of colon cancer?

Signs and symptoms of colon cancer may include:

  • Blood in the stool
  • Weight loss
  • Weakness
  • Abdominal pain
  • Continuous constipation or diarrhea
  • Rectal bleeding

If you have experinced one of the symptoms of colon cancer, you are advised to see a doctor.

How is colon cancer diagnosed?

Early diagnosis is playing an important role in the treatment of colon cancer. Diagnostic tests for colon cancer may include: 

  • CT scan
  • Colonoscopy
  • Biopsy
  • Stool test

What are the treatment options for colon cancer?

There are different options for treatment. Before deciding the best treatment, your condition should be evaluated by your doctor.

Surgical treatment, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are the most common treatment ways of colon cancer also combined treatments may be considered.

In general, treatment of colon cancer begins with surgery. After the surgery, chemotherapy is given to decrease the risk of cancer recurrence. Also if it is a progressive cancer and it is already spread out chemotherapy treatment is given to damage the cancer cells which are located different parts of the body.

Also, radiotherapy may be given at the same time with chemotherapy according to the stage of the disease.

Why choose Turkey for colon cancer treatment?

  • International accreditation: Our partner hospitals for colon cancer treatment in Turkey are certified by independent international organizations such as JCI (Joint Commission International) or ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and they are all university hospitals.
  • Latest techonology: Latest technologies are applied in our contracted hospitals to achieve the great results.
  • Fast treatment arrangement: Since colon cancer treatment requires urgency, we provide you to start your treatment as soon as possible.
  • Our partner hospitals has cooperation with top American cancer centers.
  • Low prices: In Turkey, we provide affordable and high-quality healthcare for colon cancer. Colon cancer treatment cost in Turkey is 2-3 times lower than in Europe.
  • Outpatient treatment: Most chemotherapy treatments are given in an outpatient clinic. You'll be in the hospital during chemotherapy treatment in a day and it takes at most 6-8 hours. Usually there is a specific timeline between chemotherapy sessions, your treatment could be in every 15 or 21 days. During these sessions you are always welcome in our hotel or you can choose to return your country. Most people are able to continue working and doing their usual activities during chemotherapy sessions

What is spinal tumor?

Spinal tumors can involve in the neck, back and lower back. They can begin in several different types of cells, including nerve cells in the spinal cord, soft tissues or muscles that support the spine, and bones that make up the spinal column.

What are the symptoms of spinal tumor?

Spinal tumors sometimes might be overlooked because they're not common and their symptoms resemble those of more common conditions.

Signs and symptoms of spinal tumors may include:

  • Back pain
  • Loss of feeling in certain areas of body
  • Loss of bowel
  • Spinal Deformities
  • Difficulty with standing
  • Muscle weakness

How is spinal tumor diagnosed?

If it's suspected that you have a spimal tumor, your doctor may recommend a number of tests and procedures, including:

  • A neurological exam
  • MRI
  • Biopsy

 What are the treatment options for spinal tumor?

The goal of spinal tumor treatment is to eliminate the tumor completely, but this goal may be complicated by the risk of permanent damage to the spinal cord and surrounding nerves.

  • Surgery
  • Chemothreapy
  • Targeted therapies

Why choose Turkey for spinal tumor treatment?

  • Surgical Experience: Treatment for spinal cancer often includes surgery, and surgical skill is key to successful outcomes.
  • Low prices: In Turkey, we provide affordable and high-quality healthcare for spinal tumor. Spinal tumor treatment costs in Turkey are 2 to 3 times lower than in Europe.
  • International accreditation: Our partner hospitals for spinal tumor treatment in Turkey are certified by independent international organizations such as JCI (Joint Commission International) or ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and they are all university hospitals.
  • Latest techonology: Latest technologies are applied in our contracted hospitals to achieve the great results.
  • Fast treatment arrangement: Since spinal tumor treatment requires urgency, we suggest you to start your treatment as soon as possible.
  • Our partner hospitals have cooperation with top American cancer centers.

What is skin cancer?

Skin cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal skin cells.

The two most common kinds of skin cancer are basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.

What are the symptoms of skin cancer?

Signs and symptoms of skin cancer may include:  

  • A large brownish spot with darker speckles
  • A mole that changes in color, size or feel or that bleeds
  • A small lesion with an irregular border and portions that appear red, pink, white, blue or blue-black
  • A painful lesion that itches or burns
  • Dark lesions on your palms, soles, fingertips or toes

How is skin cancer diagnosed? 

To diagnose skin cancer, your doctor may examine your skin and remove a sample of suspicious skin for testing.

What are the treatment options for skin cancer?

  • Freezing: Your doctor may destroy actinic keratoses and some small, early skin cancers by freezing them with liquid nitrogen.
  • Excisional surgery: This type of treatment may be appropriate for any type of skin cancer. Your doctor cuts out (excises) the cancerous tissue and a surrounding margin of healthy skin.
  • Mohs surgery: This procedure is for larger, recurring or difficult-to-treat skin cancers, which may include both basal and squamous cell carcinomas. It is often used in areas where it's necessary to conserve as much skin as possible, such as on the nose.
  • Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy may be an option when cancer can't be completely removed during surgery.
  • Chemotherapy: Systemic chemotherapy can be used to treat skin cancers that have spread to other parts of the body.
  • Photodynamic therapy: This treatment destroys skin cancer cells with a combination of laser light and drugs that makes cancer cells sensitive to light.
  • Biological therapy: Biological therapy uses your body's immune system to kill cancer cells.

Why choose Turkey for skin cancer treatment?

  • International accreditation: Our partner hospitals for skin cancer treatment in Turkey are certified by independent international organizations such as JCI (Joint Commission International) or ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and they are all university hospitals.
  • Latest techonology: Latest technologies are applied in our contracted hospitals to achieve the great results.
  • Low prices: In Turkey, we provide affordable and high-quality healthcare for skin cancer. Skin cancer treatment cost in Turkey is 2 to 3 times lower than in Europe.
  • Fast treatment arrangement: Since oncology treatment requires urgency, we suggest you to start your treatment as soon as possible.
  • Our partner hospitals have cooperation with top American cancer centers.
  • Outpatient treatment: Most chemotherapy treatments are given in an outpatient clinic. During chemotheraphy treatment you will be in the hospital and the process may take at most 6-8 hours. Usually there is a specific timeline between chemotherapy sessions, your treatment could be in every 15 or 21 days. During these sessions you are always welcome in our hotel or you can choose to return your country.
  • Geographic location: Nearly one billion people from different countries can reach Turkey in around four hours. The national carrier, Turkish Airlines, has direct flights from 57 countries. Turkey has 4 direct flights from Moldova every day and the flight takes just around one hour. Turkey has more than 1 direct flights from Romania every day and the flight takes just  around one hour.
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